Patellar Injuries Explained

Patellar Injuries Explained

London Cartilage Clinic

Written By London Cartilage Clinic

At London Cartilage Clinic, our commitment to orthopaedic excellence extends to the comprehensive management of patellar (kneecap) injuries. This guide is designed to educate patients about the complexities of kneecap injuries, their treatment options, and the leading surgical techniques we employ to ensure optimal recovery and long-term knee health. 

What is a Patellar Dislocation? 

Patellar dislocations occur when the kneecap slides out of its normal position, often due to direct force or dynamic movements of the leg. Both of these events can force the kneecap out of alignment, leading to pain, discomfort, and potential loss of movement. There may also be factors that make a patient more susceptible for dislocations of the patella. For example, those with a shallow trochlear groove or a high Q-angle can predispose individuals to dislocations. Alongside anatomical factors, previous injuries or damage to the surrounding tissues could increase the risk of a patellar dislocation. 

Advanced Surgical Options for Patellar Stabilisation 

To treat patellar dislocations effectively, the London Cartilage Clinic team employs a variety of surgical techniques.  

STARR MPFL Reconstruction: This procedure restores stability to the kneecap by reconstructing the MPFL using the latest minimally invasive methods. 

Osteotomy: Adjusting the bone alignment through femoral or tibial osteotomy can correct underlying biomechanical issues contributing to kneecap instability. 

Key Factors in Maintaining Knee Health 

Achieving and maintaining knee health involves several critical components: 

Muscle Strength and Flexibility: Strong and flexible muscles support the knee and help maintain proper alignment. 

Ligament Integrity: The strength of the ACL, PCL, MCL, and LCL is vital for overall knee stability. 

Range of Motion: Adequate movement is crucial for joint health and functionality. 

Nutrition and Exercise: A balanced diet and regular physical activity help manage body weight and support joint health. 

Chondromalacia and Patellar Surgery 

Chondromalacia, often related to patellar dislocations, involves the softening and damage of the cartilage on the underside of the kneecap. Surgery can address some underlying issues: 

Realignment: Surgical correction of the kneecap’s alignment can prevent further damage. 

Cartilage Regeneration: Advanced regenerative techniques can restore cartilage health, enhancing knee functionality and reducing pain. 

Innovations in Patellar Surgery at London Cartilage Clinic 

Our approach combines expert surgical techniques with the latest in regenerative medicine: 

Cartilage Repair Technologies: Utilising growth factors and biological glues, we enhance the natural regeneration processes of the knee cartilage. 

Minimally Invasive Techniques: From keyhole surgeries to advanced biocompatible materials, our procedures ensure minimal disruption and faster recovery. 


Access industry-leading patellar treatments 

Hopefully this guide has given you an overview of the injuries which can affect the knee cap, their consequences, and the treatments available. At London Cartilage Clinic, we want patients to have the knowledge necessary to pursue surgical options with confidence. Our expertise in the field of cartilage restoration, coupled with an innovative approach to regenerative medicine, ensures all our patients receive the best possible outcomes and individualised care. Contact us if you have any questions about the solutions we offer. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Symptoms include sharp pain at the front of the knee, swelling, and a sensation of the knee ‘giving way’.

Recovery times can vary, but most patients start to see improvement within a few weeks, with ongoing rehabilitation.

Yes, strengthening and flexibility exercises for the lower body can significantly reduce the risk of patellar injuries.

A diet rich in calcium, vitamin D, and anti-inflammatory foods can help maintain bone strength and joint health.

Surgical options are tailored to individual needs based on the severity of the dislocation and the patient’s overall health.

As with any surgery, there are potential risks such as infection, but our use of advanced surgical techniques minimizes these risks.

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